Phonics Cupcakes

This week we have had a baking theme. We wanted to share the resources that we have used in our phonics lessons....

This is a very simple matching activity that can be played two ways...

1/ Matching the picture to the letter, digraph or word

or alternatively

2/ Maching the letter, digraph or word to the picture..

Depending on the child's age or ability we have created resources to play this game for:

1. The 26 single letter sounds (phonemes) that are found in the Alphabet.

One of the first skills a child needs to learn when learning to read is that a written letter shape makes a sound. 


At school children are not taught sound in the order that they appear in the alphabet - they are taught them in this order:

Phase 2: s, a, t, p, i, n, m, d, g, o, c, k, ck, e, r, h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss

Phase 3: j, v, w, x, y, z, zz, qu, ch, sh, th, ng 

The reason for this is once a child has learnt a few sounds such as s  a t  p  i  n – they can start to blend words such as: sat, pat, pin, sit, tap, tip…


Make sure you know how to say the single letter sounds correctly. Such as 'm' and not muh and 't' and not ter... If you are not sure of the correct sounds please refer to the sounds our abc flashcard songs app 

2. Digraphs

A digraph is a combination of two letters representing one sound...these consonant digraphs are the first digraphs that a child is taught...

Once a child has learnt these digraphs then they will be able to read words such as:

ch-o-p    sh-i-p    m-e-ss   c-u-ff    s-o-ng    b-u-zz    m-o-th    d-u-ck    b-e-ll    


3. CVC (Consonant Vowel Consonent) words

CVC words are easy for a child to decode. The child can segment the sounds in the word (by ‘sounding out’) and then blend the sounds together to say the word. 

How do I 'sound out' the word 'cat' with my child?

Sounding out is segmenting each sound in the words by saying each sound sequentially before blending the sounds together to say the word. Such as c then a then t if your child gets stuck say the 3 sounds quicker c-a-t - so the child can hear the word and be able to blend the sounds to say the words - cat. Once your child can decode the word cat - try words like: hat, sat, or rat. 

Our Printables are FREE to download


If you would like any of these printable cupcakes in this blog - please email and we will send them to you. We will also send some blank cupcakes so you can adapt the learning objective or make your own.


Check out our award winning phonics apps - a fantasitc introduction to reading and writing letter sounds..


abc flashcard songs 




abc letter tracing 




abc jigsaw 






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